The **weighted average cost of capital (WACC)** is a weighted average of the after-tax required rates of return on a company’s common stock, preferred stock, and long-term debt, where the weights are the fraction of each source of financing in the company’s target capital structure.

## Formula

where

- is the WACC
- is the before-tax marginal cost of debt
- is the cost of equity
- D denotes the market value of the shareholders’ outstanding debt
- E denotes the market value of the shareholders’ outstanding equity
- t is the marginal tax rate

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